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Question 1: The following drug is effective in decreasing the incidence and severity of emergence phenomenon after sevoflurane anesthesia in children:

  1. Fentanyl

  2. Alfentanil

  3. Midazolam

  4. Dexmedetomidine

 

References: 1. Sun L, Guo R, Sun L. Dexmedetomidine for preventing sevoflurane-related emergence agitation in children: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand. 2014 Jul;58(6):642–50.

2. Mukherjee A, Das A, Basunia SR, Chattopadhyay S, Kundu R, Bhattacharyya R. Emergence agitation prevention in paediatric ambulatory surgery: A comparison between intranasal Dexmedetomidine and Clonidine. J Res Pharm Pract. 2015 Mar;4(1):24–30.

 

Question 2: The Blood gas partition coefficient of Desflurane is 0.42. This would mean:

  1. At equilibrium, the concentration of Desflurane in the blood is 42 percent of alveoli.

  2. The aqueous form of Desflurane is 42 percent of dissolved form.

  3. When compared to Halothane that has a blood gas partition coefficient of 2.4, the uptake of Desflurane is 6 times faster than Halothane.

  4. Only nitrous oxide has a blood gas partition co-efficient lower than desflurane

 

Reference: 1. Hemmings H, Hopkins PM. Foundations of Anesthesia: Basic Sciences for Clinical Practice. 2nd ed. Elsevier Health Sciences; 2006. 848 p. 2. Miller RD. Miller’s Anesthesia. 8th ed. Elsevier Saunders; 2010. 3576 p.

 

Anesthesiology Basic ABA Exam Question Bank

Prepare for the ABA Anesthesiology BASIC Certification Exam with more than 1400 Anesthesiology board review practice questions from BoardVitals. With detailed explanations and rationales for every questions, this question bank is targeted to the American Board of Anesthesiology (ABA) BASIC Exam for residents in their CA-2 year and covers the categories and topics outlined in the ABA BASIC exam content outline including basic sciences, clinical sciences, organ-based basic & clinical sciences, and special problems or issues in anesthesiology.

 

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The knowledge acquired from working through boardvitals.com allows the resident to prepare for the Anesthesiology exam on a firm footing.”

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Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania